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Hip Arthroscopy Overview
Arthroscopy allows a surgeon to see inside the hip and to carry out procedures through small incisions.
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What can arthroscopic surgery treat?
Arthroscopic surgery may be used to diagnose and treat hip conditions. This minimally invasive approach to surgery may help speed recovery, reduce pain and minimize scarring, when compared to traditional open surgery. Orthopaedic surgeons can use arthroscopic surgery to perform a variety of procedures, including: the removal of small bits of bone or cartilage, the repair or removal of damaged or degenerative tissues, the removal of inflamed bursae, or the removal of inflamed synovium. The Bursae are small fluid-filled sacs that reduce friction between moving parts in your body’s joints. The synovium lines the inner surface of the joint, except where there is cartilage.
What are the potential benefits of arthroscopic surgery compared with conventional open surgery?
- less pain following the procedure
- lower risk of complications
- shorter hospital stay
- out-patient surgery option
- quicker recovery
- less scarring
What happens during arthroscopic hip surgery?
Arthroscopy uses a device called an arthroscope. This small, pen-shaped instrument has a miniature video camera attached to the end. The arthroscope is inserted through a small incision in the hip. The camera relays images to a computer screen in real time. Surgeons can use the images to diagnose the joint problem and to determine a treatment course, including appropriate additional surgical procedures.
During this procedure, you will probably be given an IV so you can get the right fluids and medications. Hip arthroscopy may be performed under general or regional anesthesia. During the surgery, several small incisions are made to insert the arthroscope and surgical instruments. First, the surgeon uses the arthroscope to view inside the hip and evaluate the bones, tendons and ligaments. Then the surgeon uses small instruments to make necessary repairs.
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IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
As with any medical treatment, individual results may vary. There are potential risks and recovery takes time. People with conditions limiting rehabilitation should not have this surgery. Only an orthopaedic surgeon can tell if hip arthroscopy is right for you.