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How to Prevent Hip Fractures
You may be at risk for a fracture.
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Improving Your Care
As the U.S. population gets older, the number of hip fractures is likely to increase.
Older people are at a higher risk of hip fracture because bones tend to weaken with age (osteoporosis). Multiple medications, poor vision and balance problems also make older people more likely to trip and fall — one of the most common causes of hip fracture.
Hip fractures occur about three times more often in women than men. Women lose bone density at a faster rate than men do, in part because the drop in estrogen levels that occurs with menopause accelerates bone loss. Men, however, can also develop dangerously low levels of bone density.1
There are a variety of common factors which make a person vulnerable to a hip fracture, including:
- Mental impairment
- Personal habits
- Physical impairments
- Weakness and dizziness
Falls are a common cause of injuries in people 65 and older in the United States. The most common injuries are head or hip fractures.2
Inactivity weakens the body while exercise makes it stronger. Exercise can improve mobility and balance and reduce joint and muscle pain. Regular exercise slows the loss of muscle mass and the rate at which bone weakens. Moderate activity of 30 minutes a day provides health benefits.
- a brisk walk
- working in the yard
- bike riding
- walking the fairways when golfing
- washing and waxing the car
Make Your Home Safer
Falls are more likely where it is slippery or where lighting is poor. Be sure your home is well lit and free from clutter. Secure any loose rugs and clean up after spills. Here are some suggestions to help make your home safer.
Stairs and Steps
- light switches at top and bottom of stairs
- good lighting
- nonslip treads or secure carpeting
- grab bars
- slip-resistant rugs
- night lights
- shatter-proof shower enclosure
- clear pathways
- light switches and room entrances
- secure loose rugs
- secure loose rugs
- stable stepstool with handrail
- nonskid floor wax
1. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hip-fracture/symptoms-causes/syc-20373468. Accessed April 2021.
2. CDC - https://www.cdc.gov/homeandrecreationalsafety/falls/adultfalls.html. Accessed June 2019.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
As with any medical treatment, individual results may vary. The performance of hip replacements depends on age, weight, activity level and other factors. There are potential risks and recovery takes time. If you have conditions that limit rehabilitation you should not have this surgery. Only an orthopaedic surgeon can tell you if hip replacement is right for you.
Please refer to the instructions for use for a complete list of indications, contraindications, warnings and precautions.