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Limb Deformity Treatment Options
Treatment depends on the anatomic location of the deformity, functional deficit, or presence of cosmetic concern.
What Are My Treatment Options?
Some reasons your surgeon may recommend treatment include:
- Pain relief
- Improved mobility and joint function
- Limb salvage
- Cosmetic goals
The key goal of treatment is appropriate bone alignment and improved joint function, and can range from bracing to surgical intervention. Types of surgical intervention include acute and gradual correction.
A surgeon may choose an acute correction to treat a deformity when the angle of the deformity is small, and correction is only needed in one direction. The surgery involves cutting the bone into 2 pieces, called an osteotomy, and manually moving the segments into the correct anatomic position and securing into place until bone is healed.
Gradual correction bone deformity surgery is based on a principle called distraction osteogenesis, which is the induction of bone growth as a result of applied tension at the site of an osteotomy. An osteotomy is a surgical division, or cutting, of a bone. The human body is capable of forming an average of 1mm of new bone daily.1
1. Ilizarov GA, Clinical Orthopaedics and Releated Research, [01 Feb 1989 (239): 263-285]
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
The performance of limb deformity surgery depends on age, weight, activity level and other factors. There are potential risks and recovery takes time. People with conditions limiting rehabilitation should not have this surgery. Only an orthopaedic surgeon can tell if limb deformity surgery is right for you.