Types of Fractures

Illustration of stable fracture

Stable Fracture (Non-displaced)

In this type of fracture, the ends of your broken bones are aligned and do not require realignment. Most patients with stable fractures are advised to use a cast or splint and take rest to heal the fracture.1,2

Illustration of displaced fracture

Displaced Fracture

In this type of fracture, the ends of your broken bones are barely aligned, and you may require surgery to realign the broken bone sections.3

Illustration of an open fracture

Open Fracture

This form of fracture is also known as a compound fracture. It occurs when a fractured bone protrudes from the skin, resulting in a wound at the fracture site that can lead to infection and bleeding. Treatment of this fracture is challenging and requires surgery (internal and external fixation).4

Illustration of closed fracture

Closed Fracture

In this form of fracture, the bone is fractured but the skin is not broken.3

Illustration of a stress fracture

Stress Fracture

This form of fracture often occurs in the lower leg or foot as a tiny crack in the bone. It can be caused due to repeated high stress from activities like intense running beyond normal or incase bone is highly weak it may crack easily.5

Illustration of greenstick fracture

Greenstick Fracture

It is a small crack on one side of the bone that results in the bending of a bone. Children are more susceptible to this type of fracture as their bones are soft and flexible.6

Illustration of comminuted fracture

Comminuted Fracture 

In the case of this type of fracture, the bone is broken into multiple fragments.1 This type of fracture may take more time to heal than other types of fractures.7
 

Illustration of compression fracture

Compression Fracture

This type of fracture occurs when two bones are compressed.3 It commonly occurs in the vertebrae (the bones of the spine). It is common in older people, especially those with osteoporosis.8

Illustration of avulsion fracture

Avulsion Fracture

In this form of fracture, a part of the bone attached to soft tissue (such as ligament and tendon) gets pulled away from the main bone. This type of fracture commonly occurs in the elbow, ankle, and hip.9

How To Manage Fractures?

In the event of injury, if you feel you may have a fracture or if you are experiencing redness and swelling around the fracture site, consult your doctor right away. A healthcare provider can accurately identify the fracture and provide effective treatment.3