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Patients & Caregivers
Finding the information, you need to help navigate your orthopedic condition and treatment options can be overwhelming. We are here to help, with facts, resources, and more.
Your Fracture Conditions
Bone fractures are a major concern across the world.1 The global incidence rate of hip fractures is close to 1.6 million. The estimated incidence rate in India, is over 120 fractures per 100,000 individuals over age 50, with higher rates in women.2 Although your bones are strong and resilient structures, an external force can result in cracks or breaks in the bone, leading to a bone fracture.3 Most fractures are painful and can limit your movement.3,4 The major causes of fractures are trauma (fall from heights or accidents), injury due to overuse, or repetitive strain that can create an additional force on bones (jogging on a treadmill or intensive running), and osteoporosis.3
Depending on the features, the fracture can be divided into several types, such as stable fracture, displaced fracture, open or closed fracture, stress fracture, and comminuted fracture.3 Your healthcare provider may recommend one or more diagnostic tests (e.g., X-ray, MRI, CT-scan, and bone scan) to accurately diagnose the fracture and assess the damage to surrounding tissues.4
It’s important to seek immediate medical assistance for your fractured bone as up to 10% of all fractures can result in fracture complications.3,5
Know About Treatments
Bones have a unique ability to heal after damage. However, in certain cases of trauma, your injured bones may require help to align properly and heal,5 and that’s where orthopedic implants can help.6 However, the selection of the correct implant and implant material is crucial for satisfactory clinical results.6 Orthopedic implants such as plates, nails, screws, and wires can be used to support and stabilize the fractured bone.7
Before selecting an orthopedic implant for the surgery, your orthopedic surgeon may consider various factors, such as implant tensile strength, fatigue limit, toughness, elasticity, biocompatibility, and corrosion resistance.8 Metal alloys, ceramics, and polymers are commonly used implant biomaterials.8 Most orthopedic implants are safe and biocompatible, yet some patients may experience implant-related complications (implant failure or loosening or breakage and infections). However, implant failure doesn’t always mean that the implant is faulty. In fact, various factors can contribute to the failure of an orthopedic implant.9 Your doctor will inform you about the probable causes of implant failure.
To promote complete healing, your orthopedic surgeon may recommend certain protocols and exercises that could be done after your operation. These exercises may help increase movement, and muscle strength, and reduce hospital stay.10
Understand Your Bone Structure
Bones are dynamic connective tissues that undergo changes (remodeling) throughout our lives.11 They provide support, protect internal organs, store minerals, and allow physical activity.12 Depending on the shape and functions, bones can be divided into several categories, such as flat bones, long or short bones, and irregular bones.13
About DePuy Synthes
DePuy Synthes, the Orthopaedics Company of Johnson & Johnson, provides one of the most comprehensive Orthopaedics portfolios in the world that helps heal and restore movement for the millions of patients we serve. DePuy Synthes solutions, in specialties including joint reconstruction, trauma, craniomaxillofacial, spinal surgery and sports medicine, in addition to the VELYS™ Digital Surgery portfolio, are designed to advance patient care while delivering clinical and economic value to health care systems worldwide.
Building on our proud product innovation and legacy of industry firsts, we are reimagining the orthopaedic landscape with new advancements in medical technologies and digital surgery across the entire continuum of care to Keep People Moving today and tomorrow.
1. Wu, Ai-Min et al. Global, regional, and national burden of bone fractures in 204 countries and territories, 1990–2019: a systematic analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. The Lancet Healthy Longevity, Volume 2, Issue 9, e580 - e592.
2. George J, Sharma V, Farooque K, et al. Injury Mechanisms of Hip Fractures in India. Hip Pelvis. 2021;33(2):62-70.
3. AAOS. Orthoinfo. Fractures (Broken Bones) [Internet] [Cited 08 March 2022] Available from: orthoinfo.aaos.org
4. Cleveland Clinic. Bone Fractures. [Internet] [Cited 21 Jan 2022] Available from: my.clevelandclinic.org
5. Gajdobranski D, Zivković D. Poremećaji zarastanja preloma [Disorders in fracture healing]. Med Pregl. 2003;56(3-4):146-51. Croatian.
6. Kim T, See CW, Li X, et al. Orthopedic implants and devices for bone fractures and defects: Past, present, and perspective. Engineered Regeneration. 2020;1:6-18.
7. OrthoInfo. Internal Fixation for Fractures. [Internet] [Cited 25 Jan 2022] Available from: orthoinfo.aaos.org
8. Saini M, Singh Y, Arora P, et al. Implant biomaterials: A comprehensive review. World J Clin Cases. 2015;3(1):52-7.
9. J.R. Davis. Handbook of Materials for Medical Devices. 2003. ASM International. Available at: www.asminternational.org
10. AAOS. Orthoinfo. Fractures (Broken Bones) [Internet] [Cited 07 March 2022] Available from: orthoinfo.aaos.org
11. Clarke B. Normal bone anatomy and physiology. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008 Nov; 3 Suppl 3(Suppl 3): S131-9.
12. DiGirolamo DJ, Kiel DP, Esser KA. Bone and skeletal muscle: neighbors with close ties. Journal of bone and mineral research. 2013;28(7):1509–18.
13. NIH. National Cancer Institute. SEER Training Modules. Classification of bones. [Internet] [Cited 27 March 2022] Available at: training.seer.cancer.gov